According to the 2015 census, it has a population of 174,942 people.
Koronadal became a component city of South Cotabato by virtue of Republic Act 8803 dated October 8, 2000.
In 2003 and 2005 the city was recognized as “Most Competitive City” in the small-city category, and in 2005 and 2006 as the most business friendly city in Mindanao.
The settlement of Koronadal and its creation as a municipality by virtue of Executive Order No. #82 dated August 18, 1947 was marked by a rapid initial development, so that when the province of South Cotabato was created under Republic Act No. 4849 on July 18, 1966, it easily became the capital town. In the past, the place was populated by Blaan people and Maguindanaos. The word Koronadal is believed to have been derived from two Blaan words– kalon meaning cogon grass, and nadal or datal meaning plain, which aptly described the place to the natives. On the other hand, Marbel, which is another name for the poblacion, is a Blaan term marb el which means “murky waters” referring to a river, now called the Marbel River.
Koronadal City used to comprise the area extending from the banks of Buluan Lake to the north to Barangay Polonoling in the municipality of Tupi, South Cotabato to the south from Quezon mountain range to the northeast to the municipality of T’boli, South Cotabato to the southeast.
It was on August 18, 1947 when President Manuel Roxas signed the Executive Order creating the municipalities in the entire province of Cotabato, one of which was Marbel (now Koronadal). The same executive order likewise mandated the official function of the municipal government which began after the qualification and election of the first set of municipal officials.
The municipal government of Koronadal began its official function on January 1, 1948 with an approved Annual Estimated Budget of P30,000.00. The land area of the municipality by then was comparable with the Province of Bata-an embracing the present municipalities of Tampakan, Tupi, Banga, Lake Sebu, Surallah, T’boli, South Cotabato, Sto. Niño, Norala, and Isulan.
Municipal Council Resolution No. 32, Series of 1948 mandated and proclaimed January 10 of each year as the Municipal Town Fiesta commemorating the foundation of Marbel Settlement District of the National Land Settlement.
Koronadal was converted into a component city of South Cotabato, now officially known as the City of Koronadal by virtue of Republic Act 8803 on October 8, 2000. At present, Koronadal City is a fast-developing growth center composed of twenty-seven (27) barangays including the four (4) zones in the poblacion. Being the capital city of South Cotabato, it is the center of the province in terms of political, cultural and socio-economic activities.
By virtue of Executive Order No. 304 signed by then President Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo, Koronadal City was named as the Regional political and socio-economic center of SOCCSKSARGEN on March 30, 2004. Regional departments, bureaus and offices were ordered to move from Cotabato City, the former Regional Center of the Region.
Koronadal City is politically subdivided into twenty-seven Barangays with four zones in the Poblacion area. Eight of which are on the Urban area while the remaining nineteen are located on the Rural area.
- Assumption (Bulol)
- Avanceña (Barrio Tres)
- Carpenter Hill
- Concepcion (Barrio Sais)
- New Pangasinan (Barrio Kwatro)
- San Isidro
- San Jose (Barrio Singko)
- San Roque
- Saravia (Barrio Otso)
- Topland (Barrio Siete)
- General Paulino Santos (Barrio Uno)
- Santa Cruz
- Santo Niño (Barrio Dos)
- Zone I (Poblacion Zone 1)
- Zone II (Poblacion Zone 2)
- Zone III (Poblacion Zone 3)
- Zone IV (Poblacion Zone 4)
The B’laan people are one of the indigenous peoples of the Southern Philippine island of Mindanao. Another tribe called the Maguindanao also inhabits the same area. The two tribes consider themselves to be brothers and sisters. Long ago, an Arab male (ancestral brother) married a B’laan female (ancestral sister) and through this marriage union, Islam infiltrated Southern Mindanao so that when the Spaniards arrived, their attempts to establish Catholicism were unsuccessful in the south. Eventually the B’laan and the Maguindanao became trade partners with the B’laan settling in the mountains and the Maguindanao settling along the coastal areas. From that time until now, the B’laans have been producing rice, vegetables, livestock, and rainforest products. The original religion of the Blaan is Animist. Presently, only 5% of the 8,000 B’laan tribal people are considered to be evangelical.
The Catholic Filipinos make up the great majority (over 70%) of the Southern Philippine population. They are relatively newcomers to the area; the first wave of Christian migrants came in the seventeenth century when the Spaniards sought to populate Zamboanga, Jolo, Dapitan and other areas by encouraging people from Luzon and the Visayas to settle there. In the nineteenth century Spanish policy found considerable success in encouraging migrations to Iligan and Cotabato.
The Americans continued this pattern during their colonial administration. In 1913 the American colonial government provided resources for the establishment of agricultural colonies in Mindanao. By the time the Philippine Commonwealth was established, Mindanao had become a veritable frontier. Wave upon wave of migrants poured into the region, chiefly among them the Hiligaynons, Cebuanos, Ilocanos, and Kapampangans. These people did much to clear the virgin areas of Mindanao and open them to extensive agriculture and industry.
The cultural diversity of the region is the result of a large influx of migrants from the north over a long period of the region’s history. Found here are three main cultural groups: the early Filipinos who belong to various indigenous tribes living in the highlands and remote areas of Mindanao, the Muslim Filipinos who were early converts to Islam and who regard the region as their traditional homeland, and the Catholic Filipinos who founded settlements and communities in the course of their migrations from other parts of the country.
Education in Koronadal is widely distributed to all Koronadaleños. As of for the school year 2009-2010, there are 95 primary and elementary schools in the city, both in public and private schools; while there are 17 secondary schools, both in public and private schools.
There are two universities in the city:
- Notre Dame of Marbel University
- University of the Philippines Manila – Koronadal School of Health Sciences
While other colleges are also vibrant in the education business. The list below shows the tertiary level schools present in the city:
- St. Alexius College
- Green Valley College Foundation
- Ramon Magsaysay Memorial College
- Holy Child College of Information Technology, Inc.
- Regency Polytechnic College
- ACLC College of Marbel
- King’s College of Marbel, Inc.
- SITE Dizon
- STI College Koronadal
- Goldenstate College Marbel
- Marbel Institute of Technology College
- Marvelous College of Technology, Inc.
- Southern Philippines Technical Institute Inc.
- SouthPhil Institute of Technology, Inc.
- University of San Carlos (Proposed)
The list below shows some prominent secondary and elementary schools present in the city:
- Philippine Science High School SOCCSKSARGEN Region Campus
- Koronadal National Comprehensive High School
- Notre Dame of Marbel University – Integrated Basic Education Department
- Notre Dame – Siena School of Marbel
- St Alexius College – Integrated School Department
- Koronadal Southern Elementary School (Chinese School)
- Notre Dame of San Jose
- Koronadal International School
- Maryland School
- King’s College of Marbel, Inc.
- Marymount School